Skin conditions include a wide range of symptoms and severity. They may be momentary or long-lasting, painful or not. Some have environmental causes, while others can have hereditary roots. Minor and potentially fatal skin disorders can also exist.
Most skin conditions are mild, but some others can signal a more significant problem. If you suspect that you may be suffering from some of the most common skin issues, consult your doctor.
There are a lot of skin diseases that have been diagnosed.
Here are the reasons for skin conditions and treatments for the same.
1. Acne (Acne vulgaris)
Cause: Acne is brought on by clogged skin oil glands and hair follicles (sebaceous glands), and is frequently brought on by hormonal fluctuations. Blackheads, cysts, and nodules are also included in the definition of acne, which also includes pimples on the face. Some people also develop acne on their breasts and back, for example.
- Adapalene topical (Differin) cream is accessible without a prescription over-the-counter.
- Tretinoin topical is also offered in creams, gels, and lotions under the brand names Retin-A, Avita, Altreno, and other names and generics. Talk to your doctor about using this medication: Only take tretinoin during pregnancy if it is necessary and the benefits outweigh the risks to the foetus.
- Although there are major pregnancy concerns, oral isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, and other brands and generics) may be used in cases of severe acne. Women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant shouldn’t take this medication. If pregnancy happens while using this medication, there is a very significant chance of severe birth abnormalities.
2. Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Cause: Shingles are brought on by the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. Due to the chickenpox virus’s long-lasting dormancy (inactive state) in your nervous system, if you’ve previously been affected with chickenpox, then you’re also at risk for developing shingles.
- Herpes zoster (shingles) prophylaxis in people 50 years of age and older is permitted with the use of Shingrix, a herpes zoster subunit vaccination.
- The second dose of Shingrix, a non-live (inactivated), recombinant subunit vaccine, is administered intramuscularly 2–6 months after the first.
- More than 90% of the time, Shingrix has proven to be successful.
- To prevent shingles, the subcutaneous injectable Zostavax (zoster vaccine life) was previously offered, however, it was stopped in the United States in November 2020.
Cause: When harmful ultraviolet (UV) light is directed from the sun or sunlamps are exposed to the skin for an extended period, sunburns develop. Red, unpleasant, and heated to the touch, the skin may even start to peel off.
Even with sunscreen protection, it can be difficult to determine how much time in the sun is safe. Repeated sunburns, especially while a youngster, might increase the chance of developing skin cancer later in life. Normally, sunscreens should be reapplied after every two hours, but sometimes all you need to do is avoid the sun.
- Seeking shade and, if feasible, going indoors will help you recover from a sunburn faster.
- Using a gentle soap, take a chilly bath or shower.
- Drink a lot of water and moisturise your skin while it’s still damp with aloe vera or a mild, oil-free moisturiser.
- In some circumstances, a topical OTC medication containing lidocaine may be required.
- Any discomfort or swelling can be relieved by taking an NSAID, such as ibuprofen.
- If you get chills, a fever, or severe blistering that covers a sizable section of your body, see a doctor. Avoid poking or scratching any blisters as this could spread infection.
4. Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis)
Cause: Your feet are vulnerable to fungus infections, which is a sad reality. Extreme scratching, bruising, and dry, cracked skin between the toes and on the feet. In warm, wet places like shower stalls, locker rooms, and pool decks, dermatophytes, a form of fungus, are frequently found.
Treatment: Fortunately, topical antifungal over-the-counter medications are widely accessible in the forms of creams and sprays, including:
- Lithromycin AF (clotrimazole)
- AT Lamisil (terbinafine)
- Micatin (miconazole) (miconazole)
The infection may take weeks to clear; if your symptoms do not get better, speak with your doctor as you might require a prescription-strength medicine.
Cause: Rosacea is more prevalent in women aged over 30, but it can also affect men. The disorder may be brought on by immune system abnormalities, vascular issues, or environmental factors.
Treatment: There are several successful therapies, depending on the symptoms.
- Antibiotics like oral doxycycline or metronidazole cream might be administered. The topical foam Zilxi (metronidazole) received FDA approval to treat rosacea in May 2020.
- For the inflamed pimples, azelaic acid gel (Finacea), a naturally secreted saturated dicarboxylic acid, can be applied.
- Your doctor may advise isotretinoin, an acne medication, for more severe cases.
- Redness can also be reduced by using the least amount of oestrogen, beta-blockers (to lessen flushing), laser surgery, or other medical procedures.
- The topical vasoconstrictor Rhofade (oxymetazoline) cream was approved by the FDA in January 2017 to help adults with rosacea by reducing facial redness and vessel size. It is applied once daily to the face. Mirvaso and Soolantra (ivermectin) are additional prescription drugs (brimonidine).
With the advent of both environmental and man-man factors, there has been a rise in new and unique skin diseases. Though there has been an increase in new skin diseases, treatments for the same have also been introduced. Dr Kanury Rao and his discovery team had already introduced many researched treatments and are continuing to find improved solutions.