Hypertension, or high blood pressure, significantly contributes to kidney disease and kidney failure (end-stage renal disease).
High blood pressure doesn’t just make you more susceptible to heart attacks, heart failure, and stroke. In addition, your kidneys may potentially be harmed by the disorder, which would restrict their capacity to:
● Filter toxins and waste.
● Balance your blood’s sodium, other minerals, hormones, and fluid levels.
You need to visit a kidney specialist in Delhi immediately if you are experiencing any kidney-related issues.
How does High Blood Pressure Affect Your Kidneys?
Blood is continuously pumped through your arteries by your heart, a crucial component of the circulatory system. Adequate blood flow is necessary for normal kidney function. Even minor blood flow problems can affect renal function and increase your risk of serious health problems.
Blood vessels must be pushed through with a precise amount of force, but occasionally the pressure inside the vessels increases too much. High blood pressure can cause the arteries supplying the kidneys with oxygen and nutrients to stiffen or narrow.
Thus, your kidneys receive less blood, making it difficult for the organs to function appropriately. Another potential is an injury to the tiny blood vessels inside the kidneys that filter blood.
Role of Kidneys:
The kidneys’ primary function is maintaining the body’s water and mineral balance. They serve as a filter system for the body, removing waste and extra fluid.
Impact of High Blood Pressure on Kidneys:
The health of your circulatory system and kidneys are interdependent. Renal blood vessels are harmed over time by excessive blood pressure. Over time, untreated high blood pressure could cause the arteries surrounding the kidneys to narrow, weaken, or become tight. Due to these damaged arteries, there is insufficient blood flow to the renal tissue.
So, what impact do damaged arteries have on kidneys?
#1 Damaged kidney arteries do not filter blood well.
Nephrons, tiny blood vessels in the kidney, supply blood. If arteries are compromised, nephrons do not obtain vital oxygen and nutrients. The kidneys then become incapable of filtering blood and controlling fluid, hormones, acids, and salts.
#2 Damaged kidneys fail to regulate blood pressure.
Healthy kidneys are impacted by aldosterone, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that help to regulate blood pressure. A vicious cycle is created when uncontrolled high blood pressure and damaged kidneys coexist. When more arteries become blocked and stop functioning, the kidneys eventually fail.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Disease?
Kidney disease symptoms include:
● High blood pressure.
● Decrease in urine production or difficulty in peeing.
● Fluid retention (known as oedema), particularly in the lower legs.
● Increased frequency of urination at night.
How is Kidney Disease Diagnosed?
It’s possible that you are unaware of kidney illness. Certain laboratory tests can determine your kidneys’ ability to eliminate waste materials properly. These tests measure blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine; excessive levels of either can point to kidney impairment. An excessive amount of protein in the urine, or proteinuria, is another indication of renal disease.
Who can be at Risk for Kidney Disease Due to High Blood Pressure?
All racial and ethnic groups are impacted by kidney disease brought on by high blood pressure. However, some groups are more vulnerable, such as:
● Native Americans
● Natives of Alaska
● Individuals with diabetes,
● Individuals with a family history of renal disease or high blood pressure
The blood arteries and filters in the kidneys may get damaged due to hypertension, making removing waste from the body more challenging. Dialysis, a blood-purifying surgery, or a kidney transplant are necessary when the end-stage renal disease is discovered. If you have kidney-related issues, meet a specialist in Delhi at your earliest convenience.
How to Prevent Kidney Disease?
Make an effort to maintain healthy blood pressure to avoid kidney injury from high blood pressure.
● Be sure to have your blood pressure tested frequently.
● Adopt a healthy diet.
● Spend 30 minutes daily engaging in moderate activity, such as walking.
● Follow the doctor’s prescription for the medication.
How are Kidney Conditions Managed?
The most necessary treatment for people with high blood pressure and renal disease is modifying their lifestyle to lower their blood pressure. Blood pressure-lowering medications such as ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), especially in diabetics, can prevent additional kidney damage and lower blood pressure. Treatments must, however, be customized. Make an appointment with the best kidney specialist in Delhi today.
It can take years for high blood pressure-related kidney failure to manifest itself. However, you can lower your risk by managing your blood pressure. Keep your kidneys healthy by avoiding high blood pressure. Get a free consultation from a kidney specialist in Delhi. Make an appointment right away.
Read More Blogs Here: